The Dangers of Inhaled Aerosols or Huffing

Question

I am living every parent's nightmare -- my son Keith is dead. Dr. Greene, I am fighting a battle. It's a battle to teach as many people as I can about what is known as "huffing" -- inhaling of aerosol products, of any kind, from a plastic bag. It's really frightening because aerosol is so accessible to kids. In Kinnelon it is the #1 "drug" problem that we are facing. Yet not one adult who I have encountered has any idea about huffing. I don't want any family to suffer the agony of losing a child. Help me save even one life!
Margaret Wagner - Kinnelon

Dr. Greene's Answer

Teens don’t remember what it was like when they were babies, but their parents remember. We remember rocking them to sleep and the intimacy of feeding. We remember later when we helped them learn to go on the potty and to tie their shoes. We remember the first day of kindergarten, and sleepovers, and helping them with their homework. We remember sitting worried by their bedsides when they were sick. We remember vacations and Halloween costumes and birthday parties. How jarringly tragic when a child dies suddenly, needlessly–when there are no more birthdays to celebrate.

“Huffing,” or inhaling volatile substances, is becoming increasingly popular among children, especially among 12- to 14-year-olds (Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 1998;152(8):781–786). Huffing can kill the very first time children experiment with it. Alarmingly, about 17% of eighth-graders report having done it (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2004). Margaret, you are not alone; every day, children die from huffing.

A bunch of guys get together to hang out. One of the older ones (not yours) describes a cheap, cool, legal way to get high. It’s a rush–and there’s nothing wrong with it. All it takes is stuff around the home. An impromptu scavenger hunt produces some room deodorizer or some typewriter correction fluid and some empty soda cans, balloons, or plastic bags. Just spray the stuff in the can or bag and inhale. The kids feel mature. They feel the thrill of doing something a little out of bounds. They feel the rush from the chemicals.

At first these chemicals act as stimulants. The kids feel uninhibited, powerful, and are prone to impulsive behavior. If they keep inhaling, they start to feel drunk. Speech becomes slurred, and the gait becomes staggered. Often they begin to hallucinate. Drowsiness and sleep follow the euphoria. But nightfall, the high is interrupted when one of them drops dead suddenly.

Huffing can stop a strong, young heart without warning–a heart that should have kept on beating during graduation, while getting married, and in synch with that of a newborn baby.

Besides sudden cardiac arrest (the most common cause of death from inhalants), huffing can kill quickly in a number of other ways. Motor vehicle accidents such as you have described, falls, and other traumatic injuries are common and horrible. Others die from suffocation, burns, suicide (from the depression that can follow the high), and from choking–on their own vomit. About 22% of those who die from huffing do so the first time they try it (Human Toxicology, 1989;8:261–269).

When huffing doesn’t kill quickly, it damages the body each time–especially the brain. Huffing can cause memory loss, impaired concentration, hearing loss, loss of coordination, and permanent brain damage. Chronic use can cause permanent heart, lung, liver, and kidney damage as well. Solvents (found in glues, paints, and polishes), fuels (such as butane), nitrites (found in deodorizers), and almost any kind of aerosol spray can be responsible.

How can you tell if your child might be huffing?

Most huffing takes place with friends (although kids who sniff correction fluid in class when their teachers turn away are not uncommon). Be observant of your child and his or her friends. Inhalants gradually leave the body for 2 weeks following huffing–mostly through exhaling. The characteristic odor is the biggest clue. Be on the lookout for breath or clothing that smells like chemicals. Look for clothing stains. Watch for spots or sores around the mouth. Nausea, lack of appetite, weight loss, nervousness, restlessness, declining school performance and outbursts of anger can all be signs of inhalant abuse. A drunk, dazed, or glassy-eyed appearance might mean your child is abusing inhalants right now. If you suspect or discover that you child is huffing, get professional help. Treating inhalant abuse is very difficult and requires expert intervention. Withdrawal symptoms may last for weeks. The relapse rate without a long-term (2-year) program is very high.

What can you do to prevent your child from huffing?

Preventing huffing is far better than trying to treat an inhalant addiction. Talking with your child about it is more powerful than anything else (NIDA Research Monograph, 1988;85:8–29). Start talking with your child about it now. Although huffing peaks between the ages of 12 and 15 years, it often starts “innocently” in children only 6 to 8 years old (Pediatrics, 1996;97:420-3). Literally thousands of easily available substances can be inhaled, so you can’t keep your child away from them. You can, however, educate and inspire. Begin talking with your child about inhalants by the time he or she is in kindergarten. This is also an important age to set an example in your own use of intoxicating substances. Talk and role-play often about the important skill of being able to resist peer pressure.

Most parents and children are unaware of the extreme dangers of sniffing or huffing inhalants. I hope, Margaret, that word of your profound tragedy saves the futures of many parents’ children.

May 9, 2008
Published on: January 27, 1999
About the Author
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Dr. Greene is a practicing physician, author, national and international TEDx speaker, and global health advocate. He is a graduate of Princeton University and University of California San Francisco.
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Recent Comments

Dear Dawn,

We are so sorry for what you and Brian are going through. This is a huge tragedy. We are also grateful for your honest post here. We hope anyone thinking of huffing will read this and understand the intense risks they are taking.

Sincerely,
@MsGreene for the DrGreene Team

My so Brian is 29 yrs old. He use to huff when he was younger but I didn’t know anything about it. To the present he hasn’t done that anymore to my knowledge. But last night my son looked horrible and he had black stuff on his lips. I didn’t know what it was and he was really messed up. He was holding his head and saying pain mom, pain, I feel like I’m dying. I was scared half to death. I didn’t know what he was on because he had been sober for 2 yrs. He quit drinking. He told me to push the button on my phone and had very slurred speech, so I called 911. At the time I didn’t know that he had put Axe daily fragrance Anarchy in his ecig tank. He had done it for 2 days. I never dreamed that he would have Vaped it. He is now in ICU incubated and sedated. I don’t know if his brain will be ok or other organs, or worse. I pray he survives. He has a 8 yr old brother who loves him. We all love him!! ❤…..PLEASE STAY CLEAR OF ARESOLS, SNIFFING, HUFFING ANYTHING WITH CHEMICALS, SIMPLE THINGS LIKE HAIR SPRAY CAN BE BAD. I DIDN’T KNOW THAT. I WENT ON A SITE AND WAS SURPRISED AT THE STUFF THAT CAN KILL YOU. PLEASE GET HELP BEFORE ITS TOO LATE!!!!!!!!!. I’M GETTING READY TO GO SEE MY SON, IT JUST MAKES ME SAD HE DID THAT. IM PRAYING HARD THAT GOD WILL REVERSE THE DAMAGE THAT’S BEEN DONE AND THAT HE WILL PULL THROUGH. TALK TO YOUR MOM OR DAD OR TEACHER, ANYONE TO SAVE YOURSELF FROM THESE DANGEROUS CHEMICALS!! SINCERELY, BRIAN FULTONS MOM DAWN 😢

Dear Dawn,

We are so sorry for what you and Brian are going through. This is a huge tragedy. We are also grateful for your honest post here. We hope anyone thinking of huffing will read this and understand the intense risks they are taking.

Sincerely,
@MsGreene for the DrGreene Team

i have tried it at 15, i thought that i lost the bones in my fingers and my finger where moving in direction they shouldnt be moving like up and sideways, it was extremely scary and the night after i couldnt sleep beacuse the feeling came back to my fingers, will this feeling go away?

I can’t believe what I just read Sandy. Just because he sprays too much deodorant and you don’t like it, doesn’t mean you should wish death upon him.

A good friend of mine died from huffing. Please don’t think it can’t happen to you!

Normally you don’t need anything to get ‘high’. You never had to when you were a kid?
We all have good and bad times in life. But this cheap high is disgusting and a chemical addiction which is Fatal!!! please listen to Dr. Green and call help.
There is more going on with the person and they don’t want to talk about it. Our brain is one of the biggest organs. Please care for it and your bodies!!

i have smelt my dehodrant a lot because it smells nice now i am trying to stop

The internet is great for some things, but you need help from someone you can talk to about this. Have you tried calling a suicide hotline? Or talking to a doctor in person?

i tried to kill myself by huffing gas.. but now i have a problem im still huffing gas… i have no pot to smoke i have the worst depression and the only time i can ever feel happy is when i smoke a little pot. but my dealer got beaten up buy the mod now i cant buy weed anywhere.. my only turn to is butane and i know its killing me and i hate it .. i hate my life

The internet is great for some things, but you need help from someone you can talk to about this. Have you tried calling a suicide hotline? Or talking to a doctor in person?

My 59 year old brother locks himself in the bathroom and sprays each armpit with triple strength deodorant for about 7 seconds each. When he opens the door, it drifts into my room and makes me choke like crazy. I asked him to please use a stick, or just spray for a couple of seconds. He said, “I’ll do what I want to, and you can’t stop me.”

He was recently diagnosed with throat cancer. Karma’s a bitch. With any luck, he’ll be dead soon.

I can’t believe what I just read Sandy. Just because he sprays too much deodorant and you don’t like it, doesn’t mean you should wish death upon him.

Dear Anon,

No, this is not a good way to kill yourself. PLEASE call 1-800-273-8255 to discuss your options.

@MsGreene
Note: I am the co-founder of DrGreene.com, but I am not Dr. Greene and I am not a doctor. Please keep that in mind when reading my comments and replies.