What nutrients, vitamins and minerals are on your list of “the Greene 13″?

the Greene 13
Q:
the Greene 13

I heard you give a talk about kids’ nutrition. You mentioned the list of nutrients that kids aren’t getting enough of in their diet. In my notes I have “the Greene 13”, but I wasn’t able to take notes fast enough to write them all down. What are they? By the way, great talk!
Palo Alto, CA

A:

Dr. Greene’s Answer:

By some estimates, 98% of kids don’t regularly eat the recommended number of servings of different food groups each day. As a result, even though the typical American child eats too many calories, the typical child is getting suboptimal levels of many key nutrients. There are thirteen major, named micronutrients, that I’ve labeled “the Greene 13”, that concern me the most:

  1. Calcium
  2. Fiber
  3. Folic acid
  4. Iron
  5. Magnesium
  6. Omega 3 fatty acids (especially DHA)
  7. Phosphorous (except for kids who drink carbonated beverages and get too much)
  8. Potassium
  9. Vitamin A
  10. Vitamin C
  11. Vitamin D
  12. Vitamin E
  13. Zinc

Most kids don’t get enough of at least one of these. One in six girls get iron at levels low enough to affect their test scores. Seven out of ten boys and nine out of ten girls don’t get enough calcium at key times of growth.

A daily multivitamin is more than a safety net for occasional nutritional accidents. It is more similar to spackle to fill in the nutritional holes, gaps, and cracks that many children develop every day because they fall into the 98% of kids who don’t eat a diverse amount of real foods. And beyond this a multivitamin can help a child thrive.

Dr. Alan Greene

Article written by

Dr. Greene is the founder of DrGreene.com (cited by the AMA as “the pioneer physician Web site”), a practicing pediatrician, father of four, & author of Raising Baby Green & Feeding Baby Green. He appears frequently in the media including such venues as the The New York Times, the TODAY Show, Good Morning America, & the Dr. Oz Show.

 

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