Baby Teeth

My child has no teeth, he is 9 months old. Is there a problem that I should get checked out? I worry about this because he has been so early at all the other developmental stages.
Dana Martin – Indiana

Baby Teeth

Dr. Greene’s Answer:

For an infant, the mouth is an exquisitely sensitive portal connecting the world around him to his developing mind and body. He uses his mouth to meet his mother, to sate his constant hunger, to comfort himself between feedings, and to explore objects in the widening world around him. When hard teeth begin protruding into this soft, sensitive orifice, it is a major event in the life of an infant.

Many parents worry about the timing of the appearance of their children’s teeth. While the average time for the appearance of the first teeth is between five and seven months of age, there is a wide normal variation of timing. The teeth might come in as early as one month of age, or they might wait until a child is almost one-and-a-half-years old. Anywhere in this range can be normal.

Generally lower teeth come in before upper teeth, and generally girls’ teeth erupt earlier than those of boys (much like with everything else). Delayed eruption of all teeth may be the result of a nutritional problem, such as rickets, or a systemic condition, such as hypopituitarism or hypothyroidism.

Natal teeth or teeth present at birth are found in about one out of two thousand newborn infants. These are often extra teeth, but this should be confirmed radiographically before any attempt is made to remove them. Natal teeth may cause pain to the infant, poor feeding, and, if the baby is nursing, maternal discomfort. Natal teeth may also cause damage or even amputation of the tip of the newborn’s tongue due to strong sucking behavior. Early appearance of all teeth may indicate a hormonal problem such as hyperthyroidism.

The following tables outline the normal ranges for teeth to erupt and to shed:

Eruption of Primary or Deciduous Teeth

Upper Lower
Central incisors 6-8 months 5-7 months
Lateral incisors 8-11 months 7-10 months
Cuspids (canines) 16-20 months 16-20 months
First molars 10-16 months 10-16 months
Second molars 20-30 months 20-30 months


Shedding of Primary or Deciduous Teeth

Upper Lower
Central incisors 7-8 years 6-7 years
Lateral incisors 8-9 years 7-8 years
Cuspids (canines) 11-12 years 9-11 years
First molars 10-11 years 10-12 years
Second molars 10-12 years 11-13 years


Eruption of Permanent Teeth

Upper Lower
Central incisors 7-8 years 6-7 years
Lateral incisors 8-9 years 7-8 years
Cuspids (canines) 11-12 years 9-11 years
First premolars (bicuspids) 10-11 years 10-12-years
Second premolars (bicuspids) 10-12 years 11-13 years
First molars 6-7 years 6-7 years
Second molars 12-13 years 12-13 years
Third molars (wisdom teeth) 17-22 years 17-22 years

(Adapted from chart prepared by PK Losch, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, from Nelson’s Textbook of Pediatrics.)

If a permanent tooth becomes visible before the primary tooth above it has fallen out, generally the primary tooth should be extracted.

I hope that gives you enough to chew on!

Dr. Alan Greene

Dr. Greene is the founder of (cited by the AMA as “the pioneer physician Web site”), a practicing pediatrician, father of four, & author of Raising Baby Green & Feeding Baby Green. He appears frequently in the media including such venues as the The New York Times, the TODAY Show, Good Morning America, & the Dr. Oz Show.

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  1. Kristin

    My son will be 14 months Feb 10th and is getting his molars before his incisors. Can you tell me why?

  2. Hilda Brown

    My child don’t have any second molars well all are baby teeth and no adult teeth
    nor does she have any Wisdom teeth can you tell me why


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