Kids lead a stressful life. When babies, they are constantly learning – crawling, walking, talking – and as they become older, they are taking tests, dealing with everyday social issues and the emerging hormones.
Stress is a part of everyday life for all, however, the key to handling stress is how you react to it. All stress will negatively affect many parts of the body, especially the immune system, therefore learning tips to handle our everyday stress is very important as a compromised immune system will adversely affect children’s health. We can help our children by showing them positive ways to deal with everyday stresses and healthy lifestyle ( diet) habits. To have a clearer understanding of stress in the body and the benefits to boost immune system, lets discuss the physiology.
The Physiology of Stress
The big stress hormone we hear about is cortisol. We need this amazing hormone to function everyday in response to stress and anxiety. It begins in the part of the brain called the hypothalamus that will sense a need for cortisol. The hypothalamus will then send a message to the pituitary gland to inform the adrenal glands ( located on top of each kidney) to release cortisol. The majority of cortisol is released in the early mornings – and one could even say that it is the hormone that helps us get out of bed – and then tapers off during the day. On a very positive note, it keeps us going and moving throughout the day, helping us handle everyday stress. However, if too much cortisol is released ( possibly due to increased stress and anxiety) blood sugar and cholesterol will increase and immune function will decrease. These can led to serious illnesses.
A parents note>: Many parents ask me why their children are fine during the day but as soon as it is bedtime a fever or ear ache will erupt. This is because cortisol is in minimal amounts at night thus the body is more sensitive to pain.
Hans Seyle, M.D wrote a well-known book called the, Stress of Life>. It was given to me during my medical school years and I found it quite a helpful theory in understanding stress and the ability of people to adapt to the pressures of daily life, injury, disease, and relationships. In his book, he spoke about the three stages of adapting to stress:
1. Alarm – “fight or flight”
2. A resistance to the stress ( adaption where the body adapts as stress continues)
The “fight or flight” is a normal physiological reaction, however, if continually used, the body will adapt and eventually become completely exhausted. In general, stress may be due, on a physical plain, with poor nutrition, poor sleep, pollution, infections, alcohol and/or from a mental state of grief, over worked, anxiety, relationships, anger, aging.
People can make changes to their physical states by eating whole ( non-processed ) colorful foods, and decreasing exposure to pollution and household chemicals. With the mental state, it is not so much whether the situation is pleasant or unpleasant but more so how we react to it.
Tips to Help Handle Stress
Exercise: How? For prevention, take a 15 minute walk outside with the kids. When in a moment, have everyone stop and do 10 jumping jack ( usually everyone will begin laughing which will add more stress reduction!)
Color: How? Eat whole ( non processed) colorful nutrient packed foods at every meal. Avoid white foods: sugar, bread, rice which are all simple carbohydrates and will peak blood sugar levels and may cause emotional outbursts.
Structure: How? To keep the blood sugar levels stable eat a structured and regular meal plan – 3 meals a day – plus healthy snacks in between. Adding a protein source to each meal is helpful in stabilizing blood sugar levels.
Drink: How? Drink pure filtered water. If plain water doesn’t excite the kids, infuse with colorful lemons and oranges.
Sleep: How? Choose a peaceful CD and listen to it only at bed or nap times. This will help relax kids and allow for a full night sleep.
Laugh: How? Get in the habit of telling jokes as laughing strengthens the immune system.
Teach: How? Teach your children to take deep belly breaths.
The key is to be aware of what is going on in your life as well as your child’s and finding more ways to bring joy, laughter and happiness in.