Volvulus – childhood

Alternative Names

Childhood volvulus

Definition of Volvulus – childhood

A volvulus is a twisting of the intestine that can occur in childhood. It causes a blockage, and may cut off blood flow and damage part of the intestine.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

A birth defect called intestinal malrotation can make infants more likely to develop a volvulus. However, a volvulus can occur without malrotation.

Treatment

Emergency surgery is needed to repair the volvulus. A surgical cut is made in the abdomen. The bowels are untwisted and the blood supply restored.

Expectations (prognosis)

Diagnosing and treating volvulus quickly generally leads to a good outcome.

Review

Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 7/26/2010

Volvulus
Volvulus - X-ray

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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