Vertigo-associated disorders

Alternative Names

Peripheral vertigo; Central vertigo

Definition of Vertigo-associated disorders

is a sensation of motion or spinning that is often described as dizziness.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

There are two types of vertigo:


The primary symptom is a sensation that you or the room is moving or spinning. The spinning sensation may cause nausea and vomiting in some people.

Signs and tests

A physical exam may reveal:


Medications to treat peripheral vertigo may include:

Expectations (prognosis)

The outcome depends on the cause.


Kevin Sheth, MD, Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 11/22/2010

Tympanic membrane

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