Yeast infection – vagina; Vaginal candidiasis; Monilial vaginitis
Definition of Vaginal yeast infection
Vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina, most commonly due to the fungus .
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Most women will have a vaginal yeast infection at some time. is a common type of fungus. It is often present in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin. Usually it does not cause disease or symptoms.
Signs and tests
A pelvic examination will be done. It may show swelling (inflammation) of the skin of the vulva, in the vagina, and on the cervix. The health care provider may find dry, white plaques on the vaginal wall.
Medications for vaginal yeast infections are available in either vaginal creams or suppositories. Most can be bought without a prescription.
The symptoms usually disappear completely with adequate treatment.
Linda Vorvick, MD, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, WA; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 11/1/2009