Uterine fibroids

Alternative Names

Leiomyoma; Fibromyoma; Myoma; Fibroids

Definition of Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors that develop in the uterus (womb), a female reproductive organ.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Uterine fibroids are the most common pelvic tumor. As many as 1 in 5 women may have fibroids during their childbearing years (the time after starting menstruation for the first time and before menopause).

Symptoms

More common symptoms of uterine fibroids are:

Signs and tests

A pelvic examination may show an irregularly shaped, lumpy, or enlarged uterus. Frequently, this diagnosis is reliable. In some cases, it is difficult to diagnose fibroids, especially in obese women. Fibroid tumors have been mistaken for:

Treatment

Treatment depends on various factors, including:

Expectations (prognosis)

Some women with fibroids have no symptoms and may not need treatment.

Review

A.D.A.M. Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, and David R. Eltz. Previously reviewed by Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine (9/2/2009). – 1/11/2011

Pelvic laparoscopy
Female reproductive anatomy
Fibroid tumors
Uterus

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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