Trichomoniasis

Alternative Names

Trichomonas vaginitis; STD – trichomonas vaginitis; STI – trichomonas vaginitis; Sexually transmitted infection – trichomonas vaginitis

Definition of Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Trichomoniasis is found worldwide. In the United States, the highest number of cases are seen in women between age 16 and 35. is spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. This include penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact. The parasite cannot survive in the mouth or rectum.

Symptoms

Women:

Signs and tests

In women:

Treatment

The antibiotic metronidazole is commonly used to cure the infection. A newer drug, called Tinidazole may be used.

Expectations (prognosis)

With proper treatment, the outcome is likely to be excellent.

Review

David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc., and Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. – 9/11/2010

Normal uterine anatomy (cut section)

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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