Thyroid cancer

Alternative Names

Tumor – thyroid; Cancer – thyroid

Definition of Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is a cancerous growth of the thyroid gland.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Thyroid cancer can occur in all age groups.

Signs and tests

A physical examination can reveal a thyroid mass or nodule (usually in the lower part of the front of the neck), or enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.

Treatment

Treatment varies significantly, depending on the type of tumor.

Expectations (prognosis)

Anaplastic carcinoma has the worst outcome of all the types of thyroid cancer. It is usually fatal despite aggressive treatment.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine and Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 3/2/2010

Endocrine glands
Thyroid cancer - CT scan
Thyroid cancer - CT scan
Thyroid gland

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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