Testicular cancer

Alternative Names

Cancer – testes; Germ cell tumor; Seminoma testicular cancer; Nonseminoma testicular cancer

Definition of Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is cancer that starts in the testicles, the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown. There is no link between vasectomy and testicular cancer. Factors that may increase a man’s risk for testicular cancer include:

Symptoms

There may be no symptoms. Symptoms that may occur can include:

Signs and tests

A physical examination typically reveals a firm lump (mass) in one of the testicles. When the health care provider holds a flashlight up to the scrotum, the light does not pass through the lump.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the:

Expectations (prognosis)

Testicular cancer is one of the most treatable and curable cancers.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; James R. Mason, MD, Oncologist, Director, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program and Stem Cell Processing Lab, Scripps Clinic, Torrey Pines, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 9/6/2010

Male reproductive anatomy
Male reproductive system

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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