Speech disorders – children

Alternative Names

Articulation deficiency; Voice disorders; Vocal disorders; Disfluency; Communication disorder – speech disorder

Definition of Speech disorders – children

Speech disorders refer to several conditions in which a person has problems creating or forming the speech sounds needed to communicate with others.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Speech is one of the main ways in which we communicate with those around us. It develops naturally, along with other signs of .


Disfluency ( is the most common type of disfluency):

Signs and tests

The following tests can help diagnose speech disorders:


Milder forms of speech disorders may disappear on their own.

Expectations (prognosis)

The prognosis depends on the cause of the disorder. Usually, speech can be improved with speech therapy. Prognosis improves with early intervention.


Sumana Jothi, MD, Clinical Instructor, UCSF Otolaryngology, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 9/28/2010

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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