Shigellosis

Alternative Names

Shigella gastroenteritis; Shigella enteritis; Enteritis – shigella; Gastroenteritis – shigella

Definition of Shigellosis

Shigellosis is an acute bacterial infection of the lining of the intestines.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Shigellosis is caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella

Symptoms

Symptoms usually develop about 1 to 7 days (average 3 days) after you come in contact with the bacteria.

Treatment

The symptoms usually last 2 to 7 days. The goal of treatment is to replace fluids and electrolytes (salt and minerals) lost in diarrhea.

Expectations (prognosis)

Often the infection is mild and goes away on its own. Most patients, except malnourished children and those with weakened immune systems, have an excellent outlook.

Review

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 5/25/2010

Digestive system
Digestive system organs

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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