Roseola

Alternative Names

Exanthem subitum; Sixth disease

Definition of Roseola

Roseola is an acute disease of infants and young children in which a high fever and skin rash occur.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The disease is common in children ages 3 months to 4 years, and most common in those ages 6 months to 1 year. It is caused by a virus called human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), although similar syndromes are possible with other viruses.

Symptoms

The child may have a runny nose, sore throat, and eye redness.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment. The disease usually gets better without complications.

Expectations (prognosis)

Most children with roseola fully recover.

Review

Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 11/2/2009

Roseola
Temperature measurement

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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