Prostatitis – bacterial chronic

Alternative Names

Chronic bacterial prostatitis

Definition of Prostatitis – bacterial chronic

Chronic bacterial prostatitis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the prostate gland that develops slowly and continues for a long period of time. It is a chronic infection of the prostate gland.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Chronic prostatitis is usually caused by a chronic bacterial infection of the prostate gland. It may occur with or follow:

Symptoms

Symptoms of chronic prostatitis are similar to those of acute prostatitis but are not as severe. They usually begin more gradually. Patients may have no symptoms in between episodes, or they may experience mild symptoms all the time.

Signs and tests

A physical examination may show:

Treatment

Treatment options for chronic prostatitis include a combination of medication, surgery, and lifestyle changes.

Expectations (prognosis)

It is common for symptoms to return.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Scott Miller, MD, Urologist in private practice in Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 9/30/2009

Male reproductive anatomy

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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