Pericarditis – bacterial

Alternative Names

Purulent pericarditis

Definition of Pericarditis – bacterial

Bacterial pericarditis is irritation and swelling of the sac that surrounds the heart (pericardium), due to infection by bacteria.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Bacterial infections are one cause of . The bacterial infection causes the pericardium to become swollen and inflamed. Pain occurs as a result of the inflamed pericardium rubbing against the heart. Fluid may build up in the pericardial sac.

Signs and tests

Signs include:

Treatment

The goal of treatment is to cure the infection.

Expectations (prognosis)

The disorder may be life-threatening if untreated. The outcome is good if bacterial pericarditis is treated promptly. Most people recover completely with treatment.

Review

Issam Mikati, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine. Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 5/6/2010

Heart, section through the middle
Heart, front view
Pericardium
Bacterial pericarditis

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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