Perianal streptococcal cellulitis

Alternative Names

Streptococcal proctitis; Proctitis – streptococcal

Definition of Perianal streptococcal cellulitis

Perianal streptococcal cellulitis is an inflammation of the anus and rectum caused by bacteria.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Perianal streptococcal cellulitis usually occurs in children, often with or after “strep throat” (), nasopharyngitis, or streptococcal skin infection ().

Treatment

The infection is treated with antibiotics for about 10 days, depending on how well and quickly it appears to be working. Penicillin is the most often used antibiotic in children who are not allergic to it.

Expectations (prognosis)

Children usually recover quickly with antibiotic treatment. It is important to contact your health care provider if your child does not get better soon on antibiotics.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 12/1/2009

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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