Melanoma of the eye

Alternative Names

Malignant melanoma – choroid; Malignant melanoma – eye; Eye tumor; Ocular melanoma

Definition of Melanoma of the eye

Melanoma of the eye is cancer that occurs in various parts of the eye.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

is a very aggressive type of cancer that can spread rapidly.

Signs and tests

An eye examination with an ophthalmoscope may reveal a single round or oval lump (tumor) in the eye.


Small melanomas may be treated with lasers, brachytherapy, or .

Expectations (prognosis)

The outcome for melanoma of the eye depends on the size of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Most patients will survive at least 5 years from the time of diagnosis if the cancer has not spread outside the eye.


Daniel E. Bustos, MD, MS, Private Practice specializing in Comprehensive Ophthalmology in Eugene, OR. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 8/18/2009


ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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