Mathematics disorder

Alternative Names

Developmental dyscalculia

Definition of Mathematics disorder

Mathematics disorder is a condition in which a child’s math ability is far below normal for their age, intelligence, and education.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Children who have mathematics disorder may have trouble performing simple mathematical equations, such as counting and adding.

Symptoms

Early difficulties with arithmetic are noticed, as well as low scores in math classes and tests

Signs and tests

Standardized tests can assess the child’s math ability. Grades and class performance can also help.

Treatment

The best treatment is remedial education. Other programs that have been successful include “Project Math” and teaching computer skills.

Expectations (prognosis)

Early intervention improves the chances of a better outcome.

Review

Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 4/26/2010

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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