Kuru

Definition of Kuru

Kuru is a disease of the nervous system.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Kuru is an extremely rare disease. It is caused by an infectious protein (prion) found in contaminated human brain tissue.

Symptoms

Symptoms of kuru include:

Signs and tests

A neurological exam may show changes in coordination and walking ability.

Treatment

There is no known treatment for kuru.

Expectations (prognosis)

Death usually occurs within 1 year after the first sign of symptoms.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 12/3/2008

Central nervous system

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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