Juvenile angiofibroma

Alternative Names

Nasal tumor; Angiofibroma – juvenile; Benign nasal tumor

Definition of Juvenile angiofibroma

Juvenile angiofibroma is a noncancerous growth of the back of the nose or upper throat.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Juvenile angiofibroma is not very common. It is usually found in adolescent boys. The tumor contains many blood vessels, spreads within the area in which it started (locally invasive), and can cause bone damage.

Signs and tests

The doctor may see the angiofibroma when examining the upper throat.

Treatment

Treatment is required if the angiofibroma is growing larger, blocking the airways, or causing repeated nosebleeds. In some cases, no treatment is necessary.

Expectations (prognosis)

Although not cancerous, angiofibromas may continue to grow. Some may disappear on their own.

Review

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Seth Schwartz, MD, MPH, Otolaryngologist, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 9/9/2009

Nasal mucosa

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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