Hepatic ischemia

Alternative Names

Ischemic hepatitis; Shock liver

Definition of Hepatic ischemia

Hepatic ischemia is a condition in which the liver does not get enough blood or oxygen, causing injury to liver cells.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

from any condition can lead to hepatic ischemia. Such conditions may include:

Symptoms

If low blood pressure continues for a long time, you may feel weak and lightheaded. However, the period of low blood pressure may be brief and produce no symptoms. Damage to the liver cells usually does not cause symptoms.

Signs and tests

The following tests will be done:

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause. Low blood pressure and blood clots must be properly treated.

Expectations (prognosis)

Patients generally recover if the illness causing hepatic ischemia can be treated. Death from liver failure due to hepatic ischemia is very rare.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 7/7/2010

Liver blood supply

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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