Hallervorden-Spatz disease

Alternative Names

Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration

Definition of Hallervorden-Spatz disease

Hallervorden-Spatz disease is a movement disorder that is passed down through families (inherited).

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Hallervorden-Spatz disease usually begins in childhood.

Signs and tests

The doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about the patient’s medical history. It is important to get a complete medical and family history, since the condition can run in families.


The goal of treatment is to control the symptoms. There is no specific treatment for Hallervorden-Spatz disease.

Expectations (prognosis)

Hallervorden-Spatz gets worse and damages the nerves over time. It leads to a lack of movement and often death by early adulthood.


David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 9/28/2010

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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