Fanconi syndrome

Alternative Names

De Toni-Fanconi syndrome

Definition of Fanconi syndrome

Fanconi syndrome is a disorder of the kidney tubes in which certain substances normally absorbed into the bloodstream by the kidneys are released into the urine instead.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Fanconi syndrome can be caused by faulty genes, or it may result later in life due to kidney damage. Sometimes the cause of Fanconi syndrome is unknown.

Signs and tests

Laboratory tests may show that too much of the following substances may be lost in the urine:

Treatment

Many different diseases can cause Fanconi syndrome. The underlying cause and its symptoms should be treated as appropriate.

Expectations (prognosis)

The prognosis depends on the underlying disease.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Herbert Y. Lin, MD, PHD, Nephrologist, Massachusetts General Hospital; Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 3/9/2010

Kidney anatomy

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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