Endometriosis

Definition of Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that behaves like the cells lining the uterus (endometrium) grows in other areas of the body, causing pain, irregular bleeding, and possible .

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Each month a woman’s ovaries produce hormones that stimulate the cells of the uterine lining (endometrium) to multiply and prepare for a fertilized egg. The lining swells and gets thicker.

Symptoms

Pain is the main symptom for women with endometriosis. This can include:

Signs and tests

Tests that are done to diagnose endometriosis include:

Treatment

Treatment options include:

Expectations (prognosis)

Hormone therapy and pelvic laparoscopy cannot cure endometriosis. However, it can partially or completely relieve symptoms in many patients for a number of years.

Review

Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 9/2/2009

Pelvic laparoscopy
Endometriosis
Abnormal menstrual periods

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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