Endometrial cancer

Alternative Names

Endometrial adenocarcinoma; Uterine adenocarcinoma; Uterine cancer; Adenocarcinoma -endometrium; Adenocarcinoma – uterus; Cancer – uterine; Cancer – endometrial; Uterine corpus cancer

Definition of Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus (womb).

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer. Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, increased levels of estrogen appear to play a role. Estrogen helps stimulate the buildup of the lining of the uterus. Studies have shown that high levels of estrogen in animals result in excessive endometrial growth and .

Signs and tests

A pelvic examination is frequently normal, especially in the early stages of disease. Changes in the size, shape, or feel of the uterus or surrounding structures may be seen when the disease is more advanced.

Treatment

Treatment options involve surgery, , and

Expectations (prognosis)

Endometrial cancer is usually diagnosed at an early stage. The 1-year survival rate is about 92%.

Review

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 2/21/2010

Pelvic laparoscopy
Female reproductive anatomy
D and C
Endometrial biopsy
Hysterectomy
Uterus
Endometrial cancer

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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