Crohn’s disease

Alternative Names

Inflammatory bowel disease – Crohn’s disease; Regional enteritis; Ileitis; Granulomatous ileocolitis; IBD- Crohn’s disease

Definition of Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the end of the rectum (anus).

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

While the exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown, the condition is linked to a problem with the body’s immune system response.

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on what part of the gastrointestinal tract is affected. Symptoms range from mild to severe, and can come and go with periods of flare-ups.

Signs and tests

A physical examination may reveal an abdominal mass or tenderness, skin rash, swollen joints, or mouth ulcers. Tests to diagnose Crohn’s disease include:

Treatment

DIET AND NUTRITION

Expectations (prognosis)

There is no cure for Crohn’s disease. The condition is marked by periods of improvement followed by flare-ups of symptoms.

Review

George F Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 12/13/2010

Digestive system
Crohn
Clubbing
Inflammatory bowel disease
Anorectal fistulas
Crohn
Ulcerative colitis
Digestive system organs
Inflammatory bowel disease - series

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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