Clubfoot

Alternative Names

Talipes equinovarus; Talipes

Definition of Clubfoot

Clubfoot is when the foot turns inward and downward. It is a congenital condition, which means it is present at birth.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Clubfoot is the most common congenital disorder of the legs. It can range from mild and flexible to severe and rigid.

Symptoms

The physical appearance of the foot may vary. One or both feet may be affected.

Signs and tests

The disorder is identified during a physical examination. A foot x-ray may be done.

Treatment

Treatment may involve moving the foot into the correct position and using a cast to keep it there. This is often done by an orthopedic specialist. Treatment should be started as early as possible — ideally, shortly after birth — when reshaping the foot is easiest.

Expectations (prognosis)

The outcome is usually good with treatment.

Review

Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 11/2/2009

Club foot deformity
Club foot repair  - series

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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