Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy

Alternative Names

Polyneuropathy – chronic inflammatory; CIDP; Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Definition of Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy

Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy involves nerve swelling and irritation (inflammation) that leads to a loss of strength or sensation.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy leads to a common type of damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord (). Polyneuropathy means several nerves are involved. It usually affects both sides of the body the same amount.

Signs and tests

The doctor will examine you and ask questions about your medical history. The physical exam shows:

Treatment

The goal of treatment is to control symptoms. What treatment is given depends on how severe the symptoms are, among other things. The most aggressive treatment is usually only given if you have difficulty walking or if symptoms interfere with your ability to care for yourself or perform work functions.

Expectations (prognosis)

The outcome varies. The disorder may continue long-term, or you may have repeated episodes of symptoms. Complete recovery is possible, but permanent loss of nerve function is not uncommon.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 8/27/2010

Central nervous system

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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