Cancer – perineum
Definition of Cancer – vulva
Vulvar cancer is cancer that starts in the vulva. Vulvar cancer most often affects the labia, the folds of skin outside the vagina. In some cases, vulvar cancer may start on the clitoris or in glands on the sides of the vagina opening.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Most vulvar cancers begin in skin cells called squamous cells. Other vulvar cancers are:
Women with this condition will often have itching around the vagina for years. They may have used different skin creams. They may also have bleeding.
Signs and tests
The following tests are used to diagnose vulvar cancer:
Imiquimod 5% cream may be used to treat vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN).
Most women with vulvar cancer who are diagnosed and treated at an early stage do well. However, a woman’s outcome depends on:
Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; and Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 1/31/2010