Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Alternative Names

BPD; Chronic lung disease – children; CLD – children

Definition of Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung condition that affects newborn babies who were either put on a breathing machine after birth or were born very early (prematurely).

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) occurs in severely ill infants who have received high levels of oxygen for long periods of time or who have been on a breathing machine ( ).

Treatment

IN THE HOSPITAL:

Expectations (prognosis)

Babies with bronchopulmonary dysplasia get better slowly over time. It’s possible for infants to need oxygen therapy for many months. Some infants with this condition might not survive. Some children are left with chronic lung damage.

Review

David A. Kaufman, MD, Section Chief, Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, Bridgeport Hospital-Yale New Haven Health System, and Assistant Clinical Professor, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 4/16/2009

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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