Bronchiectasis

Alternative Names

Acquired bronchiectasis; Congenital bronchiectasis

Definition of Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis is destruction and widening of the large airways.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Bronchiectasis is often caused by recurrent inflammation or infection of the airways. It most often begins in childhood as a complication from infection or .

Symptoms

Symptoms often develop gradually, and may occur months or years after the event that causes the bronchiectasis.

Signs and tests

When listening to the chest with a stethoscope, the doctor may hear small clicking, bubbling, wheezing, rattling, or other sounds, usually in the lower lobes of the lungs.

Treatment

Treatment is aimed at controlling infections and bronchial secretions, relieving , and preventing complications.

Expectations (prognosis)

The outlook depends on the specific cause of the disease. With treatment, most people can lead normal lives without major disability.

Review

David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc., and Denis Hadjiliadis, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. – 9/15/2010

Lungs
Respiratory system

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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