Bacterial gastroenteritis

Alternative Names

Infectious diarrhea – bacterial gastroenteritis; Acute gastroenteritis; Gastroenteritis – bacterial

Definition of Bacterial gastroenteritis

Bacterial gastroenteritis is inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by bacteria.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Bacterial gastroenteritis can affect one person or a group of people who all ate the same contaminated food. It more commonly occurs after eating at picnics, school cafeterias, large social functions, or restaurants.

Symptoms

Each organism causes slightly different symptoms but all result in . Other symptoms include:

Treatment

You will usually recover from the most common types of bacterial gastroenteritis within a couple of days. The goal is to make you feel better and avoid .

Expectations (prognosis)

In most cases, symptoms improve with fluid and electrolyte replacement within a week. Rare cases of kidney failure or death related to bacterial gastroenteritis have been reported.

Review

Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and George F Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 1/20/2010

Digestive system
Digestive system organs

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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