Arrhenoblastoma of ovary

Alternative Names

Stromal tumor; Gonadal stromal tumor; Sex cord tumor; Androblastoma

Definition of Arrhenoblastoma of ovary

Arrhenoblastoma of the ovary is an ovarian tumor that releases the male hormone, testosterone, or other hormones.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

This is a rare tumor. It accounts for less than 0.5% of all ovarian tumors.

Symptoms

This tumor releases male hormones, which causes the following symptoms in women:

Treatment

Surgery is the main treatment. If the cancer has spread, chemotherapy or radiation therapy should be considered.

Expectations (prognosis)

The outcome of this disease depends on whether it has spread, and whether surgery can completely remove the tumor. The overall 5-year survival rate is 70 – 90%.

Review

Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; and Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 1/31/2010

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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