Stromal tumor; Gonadal stromal tumor; Sex cord tumor; Androblastoma
Definition of Arrhenoblastoma of ovary
Arrhenoblastoma of the ovary is an ovarian tumor that releases the male hormone, testosterone, or other hormones.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
This is a rare tumor. It accounts for less than 0.5% of all ovarian tumors.
This tumor releases male hormones, which causes the following symptoms in women:
Surgery is the main treatment. If the cancer has spread, chemotherapy or radiation therapy should be considered.
The outcome of this disease depends on whether it has spread, and whether surgery can completely remove the tumor. The overall 5-year survival rate is 70 – 90%.
Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; and Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 1/31/2010