Acidosis

Definition of Acidosis

Acidosis is a condition in which there is excessive acid in the body fluids. It is the opposite of alkalosis (a condition in which there is excessive base in the body fluids).

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The kidneys and lungs maintain the balance (proper pH level) of chemicals called acids and bases in the body. Acidosis occurs when acid builds up or when bicarbonate (a base) is lost. Acidosis is classified as either respiratory acidosis or .

Symptoms

See: or Respiratory acidosis

Treatment

Treatment depends on the cause. See the specific types of acidosis.

Expectations (prognosis)

Acidosis can be dangerous if untreated. Many cases respond well to treatment.

Review

David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc. – 11/15/2009

Kidneys

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia

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